Climate Data and Tools
Information is key to making good decisions. The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador has been working to provide develop information products to help the province adapt to the effects of climate change.
Climate Data and Tools
Climate change is a global challenge that will bring diverse impacts throughout the world. The impacts of climate change are already being seen in Newfoundland and Labrador, where air temperatures have been between 1.0 - 1.5°C higher than the historical average in recent years. Examples of these impacts include more extreme weather, increased coastal erosion, and less winter sea ice, each of which presents a range of risks.
The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador is committed to ensuring that our province understands and prepares for these impacts, which is one of the key goals of the 2011 Climate Change Action Plan.
Improving Climate Data and Information
Having access to up-to-date and relevant climate data is important for decision-making processes in areas as diverse as infrastructure planning, economic development, business investment decisions and preparing for risks to public health. The Provincial Government has invested in developing and updating a variety of tools to assist in preparing for the impacts of climate change.
Climate Data Information Portal | See more
The Climate Information Portal is a section of the Provincial Government's Community Accounts database that includes historical climate data from over 70 Environment Canada weather stations throughout Newfoundland and Labrador, including temperature, wind and precipitation data from as early as 1909. Go to website
Intensity-Duration Frequency (IDF) Curves | See more
IDF curves identify the intensity of rainfall events (in millimeters per hour) over a specific duration (ranging from five minutes to 24 hours) and how frequent these rain events are expected to occur (ranging from a one-in-two to a one-in-100 year event). These tools inform the appropriate design standards and management practices for infrastructure. The Provincial Government has compiled and updated IDF curves for 19 locations in the province and developed projections of future extreme precipitation events.
Temperature Projections | See more
In 2013, the Provincial Government commissioned a Climate Projections Study that identifies how the province's climate is projected to change by mid-century. This study includes temperature projections for 16 locations in the province. Specifically, daily mean, minimum and maximum temperatures are available for all seasons, and projections are available for technical concepts, such as heating degree days, cooling degree days, growing degree days, frost days and heat waves.
Precipitation Projections | See more
The Provincial Government's 2013 Climate Projections Study, which outlines how the province's climate is expected to change by mid-century, provides precipitation projections for 16 sites in the province. Specifically, daily mean precipitation, daily precipitation intensity, and precipitation totals for three, five and ten-day periods are provided for all seasons, as well as projections for dry spells.
Flooding | See more
A flood alert system was launched by the Provincial Government to help communities prepare for storms, which can help them avoid future high-cost repairs and improve emergency response planning. This system provides daily alerts and forecasts for 45 areas from July to December each year, including projected daily rainfall, flood risk levels, and the time of estimated peak precipitation for that day. Go to website
Additional Tools and Resources | See more
This study, which was completed in 2012, provided an inventory of climate monitoring capabilities in Newfoundland and Labrador, including which climate stations have been maintained or discontinued, and the type of data being collected.
In 2013, the Provincial Government commissioned a Climate Projections Study that identifies how the province's climate is projected to change by mid-century. As noted above, this study provides temperature and precipitation projections.
Since 2011, the Provincial Government has been monitoring coastal erosion rates throughout the province, with 112 sites currently being monitored. Reports of the findings of this work are released annually.
This climate change vulnerability assessment tool was adapted from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and was piloted in six Newfoundland and Labrador communities. The tool is designed for communities with limited resources and does not require any technical expertise to use. This tool can serve as a guide for community leaders and decision makers, providing a means for a quick analysis of local climate change impacts and possible adaptation options. Go to website
Municipalities NL and the Professional Municipal Administrators, with funding assistance from the Department of Environment and Conservation, developed a municipal infrastructure training tool. The tool, Managing Municipal Infrastructure in a Changing Climate, is used as a training tool to help municipal staff manage and prepare for the impacts of climate change. Go to website
Public Infrastructure Engineering Vulnerability Committee Workshops - In 2014, the Provincial Government hosted a series of workshops attended by over 120 engineers, municipal staff and decision-makers to apply a vulnerability assessment tool to three infrastructure scenarios in Newfoundland and Labrador. The following case studies were produced:
For more information on these resources, please contact the Office of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency at 709-729-1210 or email@example.com.